Jabez or Jabes  is a Biblical male given name from the Old Testament. In 1 Chronicles, Jabez is a well-respected man (hinted to be an ancestor in the lineage of the kings' tribe of Judah, though none of his family is mentioned) whose prayer to God for blessing was answered (see 1 Chronicles 4:9-11). The name is Hebrew (yabetz = יַעְבֵּץ) for "he makes sorrowful"; his mother stated "I gave birth to him in pain". Jabez was labelled with "sorrow" at birth, but his prayer against contracting sorrow nullified the label. His life contradicted his name. Jabez's name is also mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:55, possibly as a place named after him. Jabez possibly could have been a Jewish scribe in his later years. He might have been influential and well respected as a scribe because the city named after him was where the families of scribes lived.
In Arabic and Persian, it is transliterated as Yabis or Yabiz ( يَعْبِيصَ ). In Syriac and Arabic versions, the father called his name ainei or "aina", MY EYE.[clarification needed]In the Adam Clarke Commentary points out, that Jabez was also called “Othniel, the son of Kenaz. And he was called Jabez, because in his council he instituted a school of 31 disciples; they were called Tirathim, because in their hymns their voice was like trumpets; and Shimaathim, because in hearing they lifted up their faces, i.e., in prayer; and Suchathim, because they were overshadowed by the Spirit of prophecy. These Salmaei were the children of Zipporah, who were numbered among the Levites who came from the stock of Moses, the master of Israel, whose righteousness profited them more than chariots and horses” (Targum, quoted by Adam Clarke Commentary on I Chron.2:55).
Jabez is also a surname.
Jabez may refer to:
- Eric Nicol (1919-2011), Canadian author, wrote under the pen-name "Jabez"
- Jabez Balfour (1843–1916), British businessman, Liberal Party politician and fraudster
- Jabez A. Bostwick (1830–1892), American businessman who was a founding partner of Standard Oil
- Jabez Bowen, Jr. (1739–1815), a deputy governor of Rhode Island, militia colonel during the American Revolutionary War and Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court
- Jabez Bryce (1935–2010), Anglican Archbishop of Polynesia and the first Pacific Islander to become an Anglican bishop
- Jabez Bunting (1779–1858), English Methodist
- Jabez Burns (1805–1876), English nonconformist divine and Christian philosophical writer
- Jabez Coon (1869–1935), member of the Australian House of Representatives
- Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry (1825–1903), lawyer, soldier, U.S. Congressman, college professor and administrator, diplomat, and Confederate officer
- Jabez Darnell (1884–1950), English footballer
- Jabez Delano Hammond (1778–1855), American physician, lawyer, author and politician
- Jabez Carter Hornblower (1744–1814), English pioneer of steam power
- Jabez Huntington (1719-1786), Major General in the Connecticut state forces, Connecticut Council of Safety member, merchant from Norwich, Connecticut
- Jabez W. Huntington (1788–1847), U.S. Representative and Senator from Connecticut
- Jabez Young Jackson (1790–1839), U.S. Representative from Georgia
- Jabez Leftwich (1765–1855), Representative from Virginia
- Jabez Bunting Snowball (1837–1907), Canadian politician and businessman, Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
- J. Curry Street (1906–1989), American physicist, co-discover of muons
- Jabez G. Sutherland (1825–1902), Representative from Michigan and judge
- Jabez Upham (1764–1811), Representative from Massachusetts
- Jabez Vodrey (1795–1861), first English potter west of the Appalachian Mountains of North America
- Jabez Waterhouse (1821–1891), English-born Australian Methodist minister
- Jabez H. Wells (1853-1930), American politician and curler
- Jabez Clegg, the eponymous character in Isabella Banks' 1876 novel The Manchester Man and its 1920 film adaptation
- Jabez North, the villain of Mary Elizabeth Braddon's first novel The Trail of the Serpent
- Jabez Potter, in Alice B. Emerson's Ruth Fielding of the Red Mill (1913), the first of a 30-book series
- Jabez Stone, a main character in the short story "The Devil and Daniel Webster" and its film adaptations.
- Jabez Wilson, a main character in the Sherlock Holmes short story "The Adventure of the Red-Headed League"
- Jabez Stump, a secondary character in the 1989 Redwall series novel Mattimeo and the second season of the Redwall animated television show, which is also called Mattimeo.
- Barzillai ben Baruch Jabez, Turkish Talmudist of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
- Joseph ben Hayyim Jabez (15th century-16th century), Spanish-Jewish theologian
- Jabes in Catholic English tradition
- Marshall I H (ed), Jabez, New Bible Dictionary (3rd Ed), IVP
- Keil C F, Chronicles
- 1 Chronicles 4:9 (New International version)
- C.F. Keil and F. Delitsch: Commentary on the Old Testament, 10 Vols., Hendrickson Publishers Inc., Peabody, Massachusetts, 1996, reprinted from the English edition of T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh, 1866-91.